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試題內容

        A pioneering study into the effects of a mother’s fat intake during pregnancy on her child’s health when he or she grows up is being launched at the University of Southampton.

  The research will investigate whether the type and amount of fat a mother eats during pregnancy 1 the risk of heart disease, 2 high blood pressure, in her child when he or she reaches adulthood.

  Although the link between high fat diets and high blood pressure is well known, there has been 3 research into the connection between a woman’s diet and her child’s risk of hypertension (高血壓).

  The study, which is 4 by the British Heart Foundation, is led by Dr Graham Burdge, British Heart Foundation Professor of Cardiovascular Science.

 The award of this 5 grant is part of a £3.5 million boost for heart research in the UK by the British Heart Foundation. The charity’s special grants are made to fund research into the causes, prevention, 6 and treatment of heart disease, the UK’s biggest killer.

  Dr Burdge says, “The type and amount of fat in our diet has 7 during the past 50 years. Pregnant women 8 the same diet as the rest of us, but we know very little about the 9 of these changes in dietary (飲食的) fat on the development and future health of their children. We hope that the 10 of this study will help to develop recommendations for pregnant women about how much fat they should eat and what types of fat they should avoid.”

A. funded

B. diagnosis

C. including

D. founded

E. changed

F. enough

G. findings

H. limited

I. consume

J. covering

K. influences

L. notorious

M. effects

N. affects

O. prestigious

1.[選詞填空]
    • 解題思路:

      此處講這部分慈善基金用于針對心臟病的起因、預防、診斷與治療方面的研究工作。

    2.[選詞填空]
      • 解題思路:此處講盡管人們熟知高脂肪飲食與高血壓之間有必然的聯系,但是對于母親飲食習慣與她的孩子患高血壓的風險之間的相關研究卻比較少。
      3.[選詞填空]
        • 解題思路:

          此處講該項研究是由英國心臟病基金會資助的。

        4.[選詞填空]
          • 解題思路:

            prestigious的意思是“著名的,有聲望的”。此處講這項很有名的基金是英國心臟病基金會為加大對心臟病研究而投入的資金的一部分。

          5.[選詞填空]
            • 解題思路:此處講孕婦和我們飲食相同,consume的意思是“消耗”,符合文意。
            6.[選詞填空]
              • 解題思路:此處講孕婦攝入的脂肪量和種類是否對心臟病的患病率有影響。
              7.[選詞填空]
                • 解題思路:

                  此處是說研究結果可以幫助我們為孕婦提一些建議,該攝入多少脂肪以及什么樣的脂肪應該避免攝入。

                8.[選詞填空]
                  • 解題思路:

                    此處需要動詞的過去分詞,A)和H)已經選過,只剩余D)和E),而此處講的是我們飲食中的脂肪的種類和數量在過去的50年里已經發生變化。D)項的意思是“建立”,與句意不符。

                  9.[選詞填空]
                    • 解題思路:此處講雖然孕婦和我們飲食相同,但是我們對孕婦飲食中脂肪的改變對其孩子未來健康和發育的影響知之甚少。此處是指飲食中脂肪改變所起的作用。要用名詞形式effect;affect是動詞。
                    10.[選詞填空]
                      • 解題思路:此處講研究還包括孕婦攝入的脂肪量和種類同高血壓患病率之間的關系。
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                      • 參考答案:B,H,A,O,I,K,G,E,M,C
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